Coronavirus: All you need to know about the outbreak

Novel Coronavirus outbreak

Coronavirus is a zoonotic disease that was initially identified in China in a city called Wu-Hon. This is a new virus that had not been detected in humans until 2019 December. The virus was reported to be first identified in a group of patients who suffered from Pneumonia. Chinese authorities recognized the unusual activity through their surveillance systems. People who were infected with Coronavirus had developed multiple respiratory diseases. The symptoms depend on mild virus infection to worst-case scenarios.

Coronavirus outbreak symptoms have Mild symptoms that include running nose, sneeze, coughs, fever, etc. Advanced symptoms include breathlessness and pneumonia. It does not mean that everybody who has developed the symptoms is likely to die. They still have chances of survival if detected at an early stage. At the brink of becoming a pandemic, we give you the essential information to keep yourself safe.

How does the coronavirus spread?

This is an airborne, waterborne disease. Anybody who gets in contact with a person suffering from Coronavirus is likely to develop the infection. The small droplets from your running nose on a tissue paper collected by the garbage person can be a chance to infection.  If you have jobs that require traveling in crowded commutes, an infected person’s sneeze could cause coronavirus. You have to be in close proximity to the infected person in order to receive the infection. Coronavirus outbreak symptoms were first seen as two types of transmission; one is through animal to human and second is between people in close contact.

Can the coronavirus be spread from an asymptomatic person?

Yes, it can be. A person, who seems fine on the outside and not showing any symptoms, could still be carrying and transmitting the virus. For the previous coronaviruses, the World Health Organization has had such cases reported. The number is very limited though. But we cannot limit the cases that even if a person does not show any symptoms like runny nose, fever, consistent cold, sneezing, etc. that one might not be a potential transmitter. WHO recommends, one practice good hand hygiene, and if one is not feeling well it is good to stay at home itself and not transmit the diseases further.

What can one do to avoid coronavirus outbreak symptoms?

If you are feeling unwell it is best advised to stay back at home. Doctors are suggesting that they drink water and have their throat always wet and not dry. Practice good hygiene and sanitize the apartment as much as possible. Please note that when you want to sneeze, do so onto your elbow and not into the thin air or on to somebody else’s face. Using tissue and throw it right away or burn it. Hygiene is the most important aspect to note. Now if one has fever, cough or difficulty breathing, it is best to seek healthcare. It is important to also know where the virus is circulating and avoiding a trip to that area.

As of now, the coronavirus outbreak has happened in different parts of China and people who have traveled to other countries from China are more likely to be transmitters. Coronavirus has spread to other countries as of now. With many cases reported in different countries and even though it is small and that we assume these patients have been isolated. it is also more likely that the family members who have been in touch with these patients, as well as the people who traveled alongside the patient, could be infected.

Is there any treatment for coronavirus as of now?

Since this is a new virus we do not have a specific treatment for this virus. Because this disease causes respiratory illness, doctors treat those symptoms first while keeping the patient stable. It's also a deterrent that antibiotics will not work against the virus. Currently, a lot of research is going into treating and preventing the novel coronavirus.

Scientists hope that the course they tried for other coronaviruses might work for the novel coronavirus as well. As of now in Saudi Arabia, they are researching the Merc coronavirus and trying therapeutics to help get the virus cured. The entire global community is working together to get a clinical trial done on these viruses.

How can one distinguish between normal flu and coronavirus flu?

This is quite crucial and a great way to tell people to stop worrying and that flu you have could be just the flu. Once you consult a doctor, they will conduct a saliva test or a respiratory swab or conduct a PCR test and identify if it is, in fact, the flu, coronavirus or something else. Also, this is flu season so many people could also be suffering from the normal flu. It is always good to get a test done to identify. Wear a mask wherever you need to travel because any kind of virus could spread. There are vaccines in development.

Over the last several years scientists have been trying to investigate and make vaccines for other coronavirus prevention. The World Health Organization is hoping that this could be useful once the vaccine is developed for the novel coronavirus prevention. The Coronavirus stays for very fewer hours on a surface so in case you need to receive a package from abroad let us say China, you are not at risk of procuring the disease. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water or do an alcohol rub because we tend to touch our body and face multiple times a day.

Also do note that the virus is only associated with the areas and not to the people from that country living in different parts of the world. It is also good to be aware of health factors like hand hygiene when you are walking in areas that could be prone to such diseases.

Is the virus mutating?

Scientists across the globe are researching this now. They are looking for all of these aspects. As of now, no proof is there on a mutation of viruses. The most important place in a city is the emergency department. So make sure that health care people are reinforced on how to be with patients with the right masks, gloves, hand sanitizers and more. It should be a trained protocol.

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India’s Electrifying Task of Switching to Electric Vehicles

India's electrifying task

India's electrifying task

The future challenges of India transitioning towards Electric Vehicles-EVs

One of the main topics of economic discussion is the slowdown of the automotive industry and the ripple effect it has towards the economy. Some say this is the perfect time to implement better policies and facilities for mainstream EVs. But, there is a lot to be desired for in such a vast populous country and any step should be taken with the overall good and development in mind. As more and more pressure is mounting on the country to reduce its CO2 emissions, India is left with a monumental task of efficiently transitioning to all-electric vehicles.

Current scenario: A Dream and a nightmare

Currently, India is one of the biggest automotive markets in the world with many of the top players bidding it as the future. More attention is given to the fact that more Indians can afford personal vehicles as the economy is a growth trajectory. Currently, Electric vehicles cost about twice as their counterparts and this is mainly due to the raw materials. EVs are costly to manufacture and the battery is considered to be the heart of the vehicle. Currently, the finance minister of India 2019, Nirmala Sitharaman has announced tax exemptions for the purchasers of Electric vehicles for 2019- 2020.

The gradual change to electric vehicles is bound to happen and many companies in India are resisting change. The advantages such as the clean emission and saving of ownership are evident from the data of more developed countries. The Indian government is giving an additional 5% tax exemptions and many other pushes to appeal users to purchase an EV. The future of electric vehicles in India is a matter to be well discussed and properly executed. Because as it stands Indian cities records alarming pollution levels that could be tackled with the help of electric vehicles.

Tough transition and tougher timeframes

The next major hurdle that is waiting for the automotive industry is to successfully implement and adopt electric vehicle on a large scale. The groundwork has been laid down but the turbulent profits and nonperformance of the industry as a whole raise doubts. India has given itself 10 years to become fully electric. That means by the year 2030, the majority of the vehicles operating in India would be electrically powered. This poses the biggest change in the Indian automotive industry in decades.

Another key concern is the dependence on other countries such as China for manufacturing and ancillaries. The drawbacks of electric vehicles manufacturing in other countries will have significant impacts on the economy. There could be thousands of jobs that are shipped overseas leading to unemployment in the industry. India has started taking steps but still is unmatched to china in price and performance. India’s task is to build and create all the subsystems required for an electric vehicle which can reduce dependency. As the internal combustion engine is becoming outdated and going away the way to future proof India is for automotive companies to start manufacturing and innovating in India.

Top electric car and bike players fighting to make a difference

Hybrid vehicles

Hybrid vehicles

As the transition progresses, many Indian manufacturers have already taken the first steps to kick start their electric vehicle journeys in India. They are introducing diverse and technology-driven solutions to the entire public marketplace. The top cars that are leading the race are Hyundai Kona, Mahindra E-Verito, Mahindra e2O, Tata Tigor EV 2019. Many more companies are designing and are set to showcase their EVs as the demand keeps on Increasing.

Scooter and motorcycles have also seen wide releases and some of them are already setting benchmarks. Bikes and scooters such as Ather, Hero electric, Revolt motors and more bring these two-wheelers at affordable rates to the mainstream users. Even though this is the initial stage, the eagerness of the manufactures and the growing demand tell an exciting story is set for the electric vehicle and the automotive industry.

Better manufacturing, batteries, and policies

Manufacturing and batteries seem to be the bottleneck that has been dwarfing the growth of the electric vehicle market. Currently, there are two choices, make in India or import. The reality of the situation lies in the fact that it is currently impossible to match the price of manufacturing units and batteries compared to importing them. Due to this many companies resort to importing as it is cheaper and faster. According to the data, about 90% of the parts in an electric scooter is from china as the Indian automotive industry relies heavily on them.

We can safely say that true progress will be made once we start making batteries and assembling electric vehicles in India. This process has begun but still is in the nascent stage of development.

India can hope to gradually and steadily increase the production and manufacturing until it can take it mainstream and get it accessible to the larger public. As the race is on to derive the next big battery technology, India sure is contesting for the top spot. Current as all things stay the same, India will cruise in towards a successful Electric vehicle society sooner than expected.

The Electrical vehicles everyone has been waiting for

Benefitting the user and the environment, electric vehicles are a sure replacement to the fossil fuel-powered internal combustion engines. The advantages are plenty and hype is real. Here are some of the ways Electric vehicle will change your life when you own it:

  1. Less cash, more miles: the cost of driving and maintenance of electric vehicles are considerably cheaper as compared to combustion engine one. They also give you more mileage and the flexibility to carry additional charging packs and batteries on the go.
  2. Lower emissions, greener environment: Electric vehicles cut down the harmful emission that we dispose of the air. EV produces less global warming gasses and pollutants as compared to their counterparts.
  3. Better, faster, safer: Electric vehicles offer you instant acceleration and response as compared to other engines. They can reach better top speeds, much faster and also is safer overall as there is no combustible liquid involved in the entire experience.
  4. Lowers your oil use: This one is a given, by using the electric vehicles you drastically reduce the dependence of petrol and diesel-powered engines. This gives you a cleaner experience and will change we experience cars in the future.

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